There are a number Christians today who use certain Qur’anic verses to prove to Muslims that Jesus (pbuh) is divine within the Qur’an. Very daft and outlandish indeed. This article is a response to such an allegation against the holy Qur’an made by Christian missionaries.
The fundamental belief
The first and primary quality a Muslim is taught is the unique oneness of God. Every Muslim in the world is in agreement that Allah (God) is unique and that nothing in the heavens and the earth could ever be compared to Allah, the creator of every thing and every being. There is a whole chapter in the Qur’an which is dedicated to explain the uniqueness of God in Islam. This chapter is called: ‘The Purity of Faith’ 112th chapter of the Qur’an. Also the Chapter is so short and easy to memorise that pretty much every Muslim on the face of the Earth have it known off by heart. The chapter is only four verses long and goes as such:
“Say: He is Allah (God) the One and Only; Allah, the Eternal, Absolute; He begetteth not, nor is He begotten; And there is none like unto Him.”
Any Muslim who has this chapter memorised can easily refute the claim made by Christians: that Jesus (pbuh) is God according to the Qur’an, especially by using the last verse of the chapter: “And there is none like unto Him”. This verse declares that there is nobody/nothing like God in existence, or in other words: mankind kind cannot even imagine what God looks like. God is not like humans or animals, with arms and legs, the need eat and survive…etc. There is nothing like God in the Earth or Heavens above. This is what the Qur’an is telling the reader, so why then would the Qur’an claim that Jesus (pbuh) is God and contradict itself? Because we all have a rough idea how Jesus (pbuh) appeared like. He was a human being; and human beings depend on God (God is self governing and independent, unique).
Qur’an 112 also states that Allah/God does not have any parents or grand-parents; neither does He have any sons or daughters (“He begetteth not, nor is He begotten”). And everyone knows Jesus (pbuh) had a mother (Christians and Muslims alike): the Virgin Mary. As the Qur’an clearly states: “Behold! the angels said: “O Mary! Allah giveth thee glad tidings of a Word from Him: his name will be Christ Jesus, the son of Mary, held in honour in this world and the Hereafter and of (the company of) those nearest to Allah.”. This verse immediately eliminates any idea of the Qur’an claiming Jesus (pbuh) of being divine.
And if chapter 112 isn’t enough to disprove the allegation, there is a verse in the Qur’an which deals directly with the issue: “They do blaspheme who say: “Allah is Christ the son of Mary.” But said Christ: “O Children of Israel! worship Allah, my Lord and your Lord.” Whoever joins other gods with Allah,- Allah will forbid him the garden, and the Fire will be his abode. There will for the wrong-doers be no one to help.”. This verse completely denies the divinity of Jesus (pbuh). What more proof does the Muslim need to provide? There is an additional verse where it is stated that Jesus (pbuh) and his mother both had food to eat indicating that they were both human, not divine (“And He (Allah) it is that feedeth but is not fed”): “Christ the son of Mary was no more than a messenger; many were the messengers that passed away before him. His mother was a woman of truth. They had both to eat their (daily) food. See how Allah doth make His signs clear to them; yet see in what ways they are deluded away from the truth!”.
There are mainly two types of arguments Christians use to try and prove their allegation: the Qur’an claiming Jesus (pbuh) to be divine, 1) Using some names of the 99 names of Allah (God) and matching them with Biblical attributes (supposedly) relating to Jesus (pbuh). 2) Using verses from the Qur’an describing God’s al-mighty power and uniqueness and matching them which Biblical verses (supposedly) describing or mentioning about Jesus (pbuh).
The 99 names of Allah (God) are names or attributes of God almighty found in the Qur’an. For example: “That (is so). And if one has retaliated to no greater extent than the injury he received, and is again set upon inordinately, Allah will help him: for Allah is One that blots out (sins) and forgives (again and again).”. The attribute used here for God (end of the verse) is: ‘One that blots out sins and forgives’ translated into Arabic: ‘Al-Afuww’.
A number of Christians will take some names/attributes from the 99 names of Allah and match them with the same/similar attributes given to Jesus (pbuh) in the Bible. For example: ‘Al-Haqq’ meaning ‘the Truth’ is one of the 99 names/attributes of God in Islam. Christian missionaries will reply to this by showing that Jesus (pbuh) also supposedly claimed to be ‘the truth’: “Jesus saith unto him, I am the way, the truth, and the life: no man cometh unto the Father, but by me.”. Therefore claiming: Jesus (pbuh) must be God because he “supposedly” uses the same attribute for himself in the Bible as Allah uses for Himself in the Qur’an. To the Muslim this is of course ridiculous. We are told in the Qur’an to take no one as a God but Allah. We read in the Qur’an: “They do blaspheme who say: “Allah is Christ the son of Mary.” But said Christ: “O Children of Israel! worship Allah, my Lord and your Lord.” Whoever joins other gods with Allah,- Allah will forbid him the garden, and the Fire will be his abode. There will for the wrong-doers be no one to help.”. This verse rules out any possibility of ‘Jesus (pbuh) being divine’ a doctrine in Islam. The 99 names of Allah are only meant to be attributed to Allah alone.
The other manner Christians use to prove divinity of Jesus (pbuh) from the Qur’an is: by matching verses from the Qur’an (which describe Allah’s oneness and power) with verses which are the same or similar in the Bible (relating to Jesus (pbuh). For example: the Qur’an states: “He (Allah) is the First and the Last, the Evident and the Hidden: and He has full knowledge of all things.”. Christians boast that this verse of the Qur’an is referring to Jesus (pbuh) because it is similar to a verse in the Bible: “And when I saw him, I fell at his feet as dead. And he (Jesus) laid his right hand upon me, saying unto me, Fear not; I am the first and the last.”. Again, this is of course absurd. Using the Bible to commentate on the Qur’an is totally uncalled for. Even if we look at the context of Qur’an 57:3 (or any other verses of the Qur’an which talk about Allah), we would realise the verse is only describing/talking about Allah alone, not Jesus (pbuh). The Qur’an makes clear difference between Allah (God) and Jesus (pbuh) in 5:75 and 5:72.
One must realise that the Qur’an does not need comments from the Bible. The Qur’an can speak for itself. Also the Qur’an does not confirm that the Bible is accurate in what it teaches. So if there are any divine attributes given to Jesus (pbuh) in the Bible, then that is completely against the teachings of the Qur’an (Qur’an 5:72) and not a problem for the Muslim.
Jesus (pbuh) was one of the mightiest messengers of God in Islam. Muslims believe in his miraculous birth (which only took place by permission of God), and the miracles/signs he performed only by God’s help. But these qualities do not make Jesus (pbuh) God. The Qur’an clearly denies such an idea of Jesus (pbuh) being divine (Qur’an 5:75, 5:72). So it is foolish and ignorant to point out verses in the Qur’an which clearly talk about God alone and claim they are attributed to Jesus (pbuh). The Qur’an can speak for itself and does a very beautiful job at it. One should see what the Qur’an has to say about itself by examining it as a whole and in context. The Bible is not approved of by the Qur’an, so using the Bible to commentate on the Qur’an is just as ridiculous as having soup with a fork.
In Islam, anyone who claims divinity must match the four criteria given in surah Ikhlas. Surah Ikhlas is one of the shortest chapters in the Qur’an, yet the chapter sums up in no more than four short verses the supreme oneness of God. Surah Ikhlas could be also called the touchstone of theology in Islam, meaning: it can be used as a standard of judging for anyone who claims divinity.
 Qur’an 3:45
 Qur’an 5:72
 Qur’an 6:14
 Qur’an 5:75
 Qur’an 22:60
 Qur’an 6:62, 22:6, 23:116, 24:25
 Bible John 14:6
 Qur’an 5:72
 Qur’an 57:3
 Revelation 1:17
 Qur’an 112