The Purity of Faith: a simple understanding of surah Ikhlas

“Say: He is Allah the One and Only; Allah, the Eternal, Absolute; He begetteth not, nor is He begotten; And there is none like unto Him.” – Qur’an: 112

The Quran gives a beautiful description of God in chapter 112 in four short verses. By reading these verses, anyone can understand what God is and what God is not.

Say: He is Allah the One and Only

The first step towards Islam is to believe that there is only one God. This is something that no true Muslim would dare to contradict. Allah very clearly mentions in the holy Qur’an (112:1).

Allah, the Eternal, Absolute

Allah is everlasting and is of infinite existence, He depends upon no person or thing but every thing and person is dependent upon Him.

He begetteth not, nor is He begotten

Allah has no son; neither does he have any parents. We read in the Bible John 3:16 (especially the KJV), that Jesus (pbuh) was begotten by God. This is blasphemy at the highest order, that God the almighty begot a Son. The Qur’an rejects this idea in: 112:3, 19:88-92.

And there is none like unto Him

The Holy Qur’an 112:4: “And there is none like unto Him”. From this verse alone we can understand that God’s image is unimaginable. There is nothing like him in his creation. Anything that we think or imagine to be God most certainly cannot be God.

Conclusion

Surah (chapter) Ikhlas is one of the shortest surahs in the Qur’an, yet this surah sums up in only four short verses the absolute oneness of God. This surah could be also called the touchstone for Islamic theology, meaning it can be used as a standard of judging for anyone who claims divinity. Anyone claiming divinity should be able to match the four criteria given in Surah Ikhlas (chapter 112).

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